Guilherme Godoy, MD, MPH, presented “When is Radical Cystectomy Indicated for NMIBC?​” during the 25th Annual Innovations in Urologic Practice on September 24th, 2021, in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

How to cite: Godoy, Guilherme. When is Radical Cystectomy Indicated for NMIBC?” September 24th, 2021. Accessed Sep 2022. https://grandroundsinurology.com/when-is-radical-cystectomy-indicated-for-nmibc/

When is Radical Cystectomy Indicated for NMIBC? – Summary

Guilherme Godoy, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Urology at Baylor College of Medicine, in Houston, Texas, discusses the role of cystectomy in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). He begins by describing the management options for NMIBC, including transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT), intravesical treatment, systemic therapy, and radical cystectomy. Dr. Godoy then explains the importance of re-TURBT, stating that it is one of the most critical steps in management for reducing understaging and improving intravesical therapy response in patients. He summarizes the indicators for cystectomy, including failure to resect, adverse pathology, and treatment failures. Dr. Godoy reviews data from a large single-institution retrospective study showing a significant difference in recurrence-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival in favor of the primary muscle invasion at presentation group vs. the progressive MIBC group. He then discusses data from a systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 studies on oncological outcomes of primary and secondary MIBC, finding worse outcomes overall for secondary muscle invasive cystectomy. Dr. Godoy looks at the European and AUA risk stratification tables, focusing on how both support aggressive management of high risk disease. He shows data from a study of the impact of variant histology on outcomes with intravesical immunotherapy, finding 40% progression-free survival compared to 17.5% in conventional bladder cancer. He states that all of this data supports cystectomy as an important and integral tool in the management of NMIBC due to its excellent oncological outcomes and potential benefit of abbreviated management and follow-up for aggressive NMIBC despite its morbidity, though the treatment may not be appropriate for everyone.

About The 25th Annual Innovations in Urologic Practice:

Presented by co-chairs Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH, and Michael Coburn, MD, FACS, the Innovations in Urologic Practice conference provides a detailed review and commentary on multiple genitourinary and urologic diseases. Among the featured oncological topics are bladder cancer and immunotherapies, as well as upper tract cancer management, prostate cancer, including state-of-the-art imaging, focal therapy, and MRI. Experts also discuss new tools and techniques for nephrectomy and treating advanced renal cell carcinoma. In terms of general urological approaches, the conference also includes pelvic reconstruction and trauma, men’s health topics like male infertility and sexual dysfunction, and ways to diagnose and treat infections in the urology patient. Dr. Godoy presented this talk at the 2021 conference.

For further educational activities from this conference, visit our collection page.