Andrew J. Vickers, PhD, presented “Gleason Scoring Has Served Us Well for More than 50 Years, But It Is Time to Start Afresh” during the 7th Global Summit on Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer on September 21, 2023.

How to cite: Vickers, Andrew J. Gleason Scoring Has Served Us Well for More than 50 Years, But It Is Time to Start Afresh.” September 21, 2023. Accessed Mar 2024. https://grandroundsinurology.com/gleason-scoring-has-served-us-well-for-more-than-50-years-but-it-is-time-to-start-afresh/

Gleason Scoring Has Served Us Well for More than 50 Years, But It Is Time to Start Afresh – Summary

Andrew J. Vickers, PhD, discusses the weaknesses of Gleason scoring in diagnosing localized prostate cancer. Dr. Vickers begins by differentiating between Gleason “scoring” and Gleason “grading,” explaining that Gleason grading is robust, while scoring is not as robust. He emphasizes that Gleason Grade Groups 2 through 4 depend on the ratios of tissue with various Gleason scores, which he asserts make little sense.

Dr. Vickers offers clinical examples to support his assertion and explains that, with patients with Gleason Grade Group 2 disease, the total length of biopsied tissue with a Gleason score of 4 is strongly predictive of adverse surgical pathology risk. Dr. Vickers explains that in patients with Gleason Grade Group 2 disease, the amount of tissue with a Gleason score of 3 is not predictive. Dr. Vickers shares data out of France that indicate that the amount of Gleason score 4 or 5 tissue is more predictive of biochemical recurrence (BCR) and metastasis than total Gleason score.

Dr. Vickers asserts that there is a need for urologic oncologists to find a replacement for the Gleason score as the dominant influence on decision-making in localized prostate cancer. Dr. Vickers emphasizes the value of focusing on tumor size and tissue quality in disease assessment, as is done with other cancers.

 

The Global Summit on Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer is a unique multi-disciplinary forum organized to inform the key health care stakeholders about the emerging advances in clinical case and research and create a consensus-based vision for the future of precision care and educational and research strategy for its realization. The mission of the Summit is to fill the currently existing gap between the key experts of in vivo imaging, the world authorities in the in vitro fluid- and tissue-based molecular diagnostics, including genomics, and thought leaders in the development of novel observation strategies (e.g., active surveillance, or AS) and therapeutic interventions.