Mark A. Moyad, MD, MPH, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, FACP, presented “Bone Health and ADT” for the Grand Rounds in Urology audience in June 2022.
How to cite: Higano, Celestia S. and Moyad, Mark A. “Bone Health and ADT.” July 2022. Accessed Dec 2023. https://grandroundsinurology.com/bone-health-and-adt/
Bone Health and ADT – Summary
Mark A. Moyad, MD, MPH, the Jenkins/Pokempner Director of Preventive/Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) at the University of Michigan Medical Center in the Department of Urology in Ann Arbor, Michigan, interviews Celestia S. Higano, MD, FACP, Adjunct Professor in the Department of Urologic Sciences at the University of British Columbia and Medical Director of the Prostate Cancer Supportive Care Program at the Vancouver Prostate Centre, about the importance of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) screening to preserve bone health in men initiating androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Dr. Moyad begins by highlighting the findings of an article recently published in JAMA which showed that while DEXA screening was associated with a decreased risk of osteoporotic fracture, only 7.9% of older men starting ADT received this screening. Dr. Moyad argues that this demonstrates that while many focus on calcium and vitamin D deficiency as the causes of bone issues in men on ADT, the real deficiency is in DEXA screening. Dr. Higano concurs, explaining that the only good way to monitor bone density in men on ADT is to get a baseline, and noting that every patient in her practice undergos DEXA screening before initiating ADT unless they are on a bone health agent already. She also mentions that she performs a repeat DEXA after a year. Dr. Moyad then considers whether quantitative computed tomography (QCT) is a reasonable alternative to DEXA, arguing that it is not since it is more expensive, uses a lot of radiation, and overestimates bone health issues. Dr. Higano agrees, observing that QCT was designed as a research tool rather than a diagnostic one, while DEXA is the “gold standard” in this area. They then hypothesize that some clinicians are switching from DEXA to QCT because of higher reimbursement rates. Drs. Moyad and Higano conclude by underscoring that wider DEXA screening is the most significant change needed to preserve bone health in men on ADT.
For more from Dr. Moyad, listen to his interview with Dr. Martin M. Miner on weight loss and men’s health, check out their discussion on Testosterone, Weight Loss / Weight Gain, and Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT).
About the Authors
Dr. Moyad is the Jenkins/Pokempner Director of Preventive/Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) at the University of Michigan Medical Center in the Department of Urology. He occupies an endowed position, which was originally created and funded entirely by the patients he has helped over the past 25+ years. This was the first endowment of its kind created for a physician at a major medical center in the US. Dr. Moyad has always considered himself to be, first and foremost, a physician public health educator. Dr. Moyad believes in the power of lifestyle changes to improve overall mental, physical, and spiritual wellness, and in their potential ability to keep pill counts and dosages to a minimum, while also enhancing the impact of conventional treatments when needed. This has been the focus of his research and lectures his entire career. Dr. Moyad received his medical education from the University of South Florida College of Public Health and the Wayne State University School of Medicine. He is the primary author of over 150 published medical journal articles on the subject of lifestyle changes and supplements, the past Editor-in-Chief of the medical journal Seminars in Preventive & Alternative Medicine, and has given 1000s of lectures around the world to public and health care professionals in virtually every medical specialty and major medical center. Dr. Moyad is the author or co-author of 15 academic and consumer books, including the Integrative Medicine Clinical/Teaching Guidebooks, the Promoting Wellness series for patients, and his public bestseller The Supplement Handbook. He is honored to be the moderator of one of the largest patient conferences held twice a year in Los Angeles, California, and has provided monthly educational clinical research updates for the last 15+ years to health care professionals and national patient advocacy groups. He has been a consultant and/or interviewed for most major magazines, websites, radio and television shows devoted to health in the US, and appears regularly on a variety of programs.
Celestia (Tia) S. Higano, MD, FACP, was formerly a Professor in the Departments of Medicine and Urology, Division of Medical Oncology at the University of Washington, and Clinical Division of Fred Hutchison Cancer Research Center. She is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Urologic Sciences at the University of British Columbia. She has been the Medical Director of the Prostate Cancer Supportive Care Program at the Vancouver Prostate Centre since 2013.
Dr. Higano received her medical degree from the University of Massachusetts Medical School and completed her residency at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine in Rochester, MN. She was an oncology fellow under E. Donnall Thomas and Robert B. Livingston at the Fred Hutchison Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington.
Dr. Higano is an internationally renowned expert and clinical researcher focusing on prostate cancer. At UW, she led the prostate cancer clinical research group that participated in developing agents such as zoledronic acid, sipuleucel-T, enzalutamide, apalutamide, abiraterone, radium 223. Over these years, her clinical research has impacted the standards of care for patients with prostate cancer. She is a passionate educator and mentor and has guided many fellows and young faculty at the University of Washington and elsewhere who have chosen an academic career in GU Oncology.