Daniel Shoskes, MD, FRCSC

Daniel Shoskes, MD, FRCSC

Pacific Edge Diagnostics

Redwood City, California

Daniel Shoskes, MD, FRCSC, is Senior Medical Director, Pacific Edge Diagnostics USA, and Emeritus Professor of Urology at Cleveland Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, and Emeritus Staff in the Cleveland Clinic Department of Urology. He has previously served as Medical Director in Medical Affairs for Urologic Oncology at Exact Sciences. He is also a retired urologist who spent his academic career focused on renal transplantation, men's health, and urologic pelvic pain syndromes. Dr. Shoskes has written extensively on subjects including chronic prostatitis, chronic orchialgia, and renal transplantation.


Full-time employee of Exact Sciences

Talks by Daniel Shoskes, MD, FRCSC

Industry Perspective: AR-V7 Testing for Men with Advanced Stage Prostate Cancer

Daniel Shoskes, MD, FRCSC, Medical Director in Medical Affairs for Urologic Oncology at Exact Sciences, and Emeritus Professor of Urology at the Cleveland Clinic, discusses AR-V7 testing for men with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). He begins by noting that mCRPC cannot be cured, but patients with mCRPC often benefit from multiple lines of sequential therapy. Dr. Shoskes explains that when one therapy fails, choosing the next therapy can often be difficult, in part because patients often prefer AR-targeted therapy over taxanes due to the less burdensome side effect profile of AR-targeted therapies. As a result, even though secondary AR-targeted therapy is only effective 22-46% of the time, AR-targeted therapies are administered back-to-back up to 60% of the time. Dr. Shoskes observes that AR variants are a common cause of AR-targeted therapy resistance, and of those variants, AR-V7 is one of the most common and best understood. He defines AR-V7 as a splice variant of the androgen receptor protein which is active without the ligand binding domain, making it resistant to abiraterone, enzalutamide, and apalutamide. Dr. Shoskes then introduces the Oncotype DX AR-V7 Nucleus Detect assay, which he argues can help clinicians quickly direct their mCRPC patients toward the right treatment. He explains that the Nucleus Detect assay detects the AR-V7 protein in the nucleus of circulating tumor cells, is predictive of resistance to AR-targeted therapies, provides easy-to-interpret and actionable results, and only requires a simple blood draw. Dr. Shoskes highlights that the Nucleus Detect assay has been validated in three independent studies, all of which found that it to be predictive of non-response to AR-targeted therapy. He concludes by discussing outcomes, noting that in the validation studies, AR-V7+ patients experienced a 76% survival benefit from being placed on taxane therapy versus AR-targeted therapy.

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Industry Perspective: The Oncotype DX Genomic Prostate Score Assay Test

Daniel Shoskes, MD, FRCSC, Medical Director in Medical Affairs for Urologic Oncology at Exact Sciences, and Emeritus Professor of Urology at the Cleveland Clinic, explains how Exact Science’s Oncotype DX Genomic Prostate Score (GPS) assay test works, and considers its utility in guiding treatment decisions. He begins by discussing why genomics are of interest in relation to prostate cancer, highlighting the fact that abnormal gene expression may lead to abnormal/unregulated cell growth, which in turn may lead to irregularity on direct palpation, altered appearance on MRI, elevated PSA, and disordered gland appearance on histology. The researchers at Exact Sciences, Dr. Shoskes explains, hypothesized that these clinical features might not completely capture the prognosis of the patient, and that looking at gene expression directly might give further information. He relates how the researchers selected genes for association with metastasis and then refined the list for associations with death and adverse pathology. They found 17 genes that predicted recurrence in both the primary and highest Gleason patterns, and also had consistent analytical performance and expression in samples as small as 1mm. Dr. Shoskes then discusses how predictive this 17-gene assay is, noting that the GPS assay is an independent predictor of metastasis and prostate cancer death within 10 years of radical prostatectomy and may be associated with prostate cancer outcomes for up to 20 years after diagnosis. He highlights that incorporating the GPS result with NCCN Guidelines can provide a comprehensive risk profile. Dr. Shoskes considers how the GPS assay can be used practically, explaining that for low-risk patients, it can help inform shared decision-making for active surveillance vs. immediate therapy with curative intent, while for higher-risk patients, it can help inform the decision for treatment intensification. He concludes that the Oncotype DX GPS assay provides meaningful, actionable information on the biologic potential of prostate cancer independent of clinical, pathologic, and radiographic data.

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