Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD

Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD

Prostatype Genomics

St. Louis, Missouri

Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD, is the global Chief Medical Officer at Prostatype Genomics. He previously was Professor and Director of Urology in the National Capital Region at the Brady Urologic Institute at Johns Hopkins University. He also formerly served as the Robert K. Royce Distinguished Professor and Chief of Urologic Surgery at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, the Siteman Cancer Center, and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. Andriole received his medical degree from Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He trained in surgery at Strong Memorial Hospital and the University of Rochester and completed his Urology Residency at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Subsequently, he was a Fellow in Urologic Oncology at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Andriole has over 40 years of consistent contributions in the areas of prostate cancer screening and prevention research as well as BPH. He has contributed over 450 peer-reviewed publications. He chaired the Prostate Committee of NCI’s PLCO Cancer Screening Trial, the Steering Committee of the international REDUCE Chemoprevention Trial and the Prostate Committee of the SUO Clinical Trials Consortium. He is a member of the American Urological Association, the Academy of Master Surgical Educators of the American College of Surgeons, the American Surgical Association, the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, and the Clinical Society of Genitourinary Surgeons, among other societies. He has received the Outstanding Achievement Award from the Urologic Oncology Branch of NCI, the Distinguished Clinician Award from Washington University, the Alumni Award from Jefferson Medical College and the Williams Award for Prostate Cancer Research Excellence from the AUA Urology Care Foundation, among others.


Dr. Andriole has the following disclosures:

Employment: Prostatype Genomics

Talks by Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD

Point Counterpoint: Micro Ultrasound

Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD, presents the benefits of including micro ultrasound (microUS) in prostate imaging. He begins by noting that microUS is a relatively new technology compared to multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI).

Dr. Andriole presents examples of the detailed prostate images produced by microUS. He discusses the Prostate Risk Identification using MicroUltraSound (PRIMUS) classification system, intended as an analog to PRI-RADS, and the training required for practitioners using microsUS. He presents video examples of microUS-guided versus MRI-guided biopsies.

He concludes by comparing the specificity, sensitivity, and NPV of mpMRI and microUS biopsies in identifying clinically significant cancer. He presents recent studies which indicate that microUS alone may be as effective as mpMRI alone in the context of biopsies.

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PSA Screening in 2023

Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., reviews evidence supporting a more comprehensive family history and biomarkers in screening and treating prostate cancer. Andriole underscores the power of a well-taken family history. He suggests doctors counsel patients on their hereditary risk of prostate cancer, emphasizing the importance of one diagnosed high risk family member, to reduce the rate of mortality.

Describing the Germline Mutations in Metastatic PCa, Andriole recommends all patients with prostate cancer who have certain characteristics be encouraged to speak to their physicians about whether they may need genetic testing for an inherited mutation. When looking in detail at polygenic risk scores (GRS,) knowledge of high GRS decreased mortality rate.

Andriole highlights the Prompt Test, the direct to consumer, poly-genomic test in the US. In comparison, the UK Biobank data compares prevalence and hazard ratio to show the frequency is higher, some predict cancer aggressiveness. He expects to hear a lot about the prompt test in future.

Dr. Andriole recommends identifying patients with clinically significant PCa earlier through a lower PSA cutpoint. He suggests using image guided Micro US or MRI, or a transperineal biopsy to show potentially indicative biomarkers.

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Prostate Microultrasound

Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD, Director of Urology in the National Capital Region at the Brady Urologic Institute at Johns Hopkins University, discusses the uses of microultrasound in prostate assessment using the PRIMUS (Prostate Risk Identification using Micro-UltraSound) protocol, which allows most prostate ducts to be visualized and tissue patterns appreciated. He compares the accuracy of PRIMUS to its conventional analog, PRIMAD. Dr. Andriole cites research that suggests novice mircroultrasound practitioners can become adept at interpreting images and identifying lesions after as few as 30-40 scans.

He compares images and biopsy results from conventional ultrasound, microultrasound, and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to illustrate the accuracy of microultrasound. Dr. Andriole also shares data that supports the use of systematic biopsy, micro-ultrasound targeted biopsy, and MRI together to identify the greatest proportion of clinically significant prostate cancer. However, Dr. Andriole concludes that while microultrasound is a promising tool for future identification of prostate risk, current studies like the OPTIMUM trial have yet to determine whether it can fully replace conventional diagnostic MRIs.

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Considerations to Improve Screening for Prostate Cancer

Gerald L. Andriole, Jr., MD, outgoing Robert K. Royce Distinguished Professor and Chief of Urologic Surgery at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, the Siteman Cancer Center, and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, and incoming Director of Urology in the National Capital Region at the Brady Urologic Institute at Johns Hopkins University, reviews current guidelines for prostate cancer screening and considers how screening can be improved. After an introduction from E. David Crawford, Editor-in-Chief of Grand Rounds in Urology and Professor of Urology at the University of California, San Diego, Dr. Andriole summarizes the AUA, EAU, and NCCN prostate cancer screening guidelines, highlighting the NCCN’s recommendation that men get an early-in-life PSA test to obtain a baseline, and interrogating the validity of the age cut-offs for testing in the AUA and EAU guidelines. He then proposes a series of concepts to improve screening, starting with recommendations on how to better identify which men are at above average risk. Dr. Andriole particularly emphasizes the utility of polygenomic risk scores, which have a high negative predictive value and can focus attention on which patients need to be further screened. He suggests that another key way to improve screening is to reduce confusion about the PSA test among patients and primary care providers by setting a cut-point of 1-1.5 as a threshold for referral to a urologist. Dr. Andriole then considers how to identify patients with clinically-significant prostate cancer earlier, focusing on the need for better biopsies. He also notes the importance of reducing unnecessary repeat and initial biopsies and suggests potentially using biomarkers, MRI, and PSMA-PET to decide whether a biopsy is necessary. After concluding his talk, Dr. Andriole further discusses polygenic risk score, the pros and cons of multiparametric MRI, the benefits of micro-ultrasound, transrectal versus transperineal biopsy, and the future of screening with Dr. Crawford.

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