Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH

Baylor College of Medicine

Houston, Texas

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH, is a board-certified urologist specializing in male infertility, male and female sexual dysfunction, and declining testosterone levels in aging men. Dr. Khera’s research focuses on the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A in treating Peyronie’s disease as well as genetic and epigenetic studies on post-finasteride syndrome patients and testosterone-replacement therapy.

Dr. Khera earned his MBA and MPH from Boston University before earning his MD from the University of Texas Medical School at San Antonio. Dr. Khera completed his urology residency training in the Scott Department of Urology at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) where he also completed a one-year general surgery internship. After completing his urology residency, he went on to complete a one-year fellowship in Male Reproductive Medicine and Surgery at BCM. Currently Dr. Khera is a professor in the Scott Department of Urology at Baylor College of Medicine, and he holds the F. Brantley Scott Chair in urology. Dr. Khera also serves as the director of the Laboratory for Andrology Research, the medical director of the Baylor Executive Health Program and the medical director of the Scott Department of Urology. He also serves as president of the Sexual Medicine Society of North America.

Dr. Khera has initiated numerous FDA-approved clinical trials. His scientific and clinical experiences have allowed him to thus far give over 400 lectures at scientific meetings throughout the world, publish over 160 articles in peer-reviewed journals, complete 15 book chapters, and edit and write two books in the field of sexual medicine and men’s health. Dr. Khera shares his time and knowledge with the general public. He has been voted several times as one of Houston’s Best Doctors by Health and Sport Fitness Magazine and by Houstonia Magazine and is a frequent guest on such TV programs as Fox News’ “Ask theDoctor.” He also writes a blog on men’s health for the Houston Chronicle newspaper.


Talks by Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH

TRAVERSE Trial Update

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH, presents the latest updates from the TRAVERSE Trial, examining the cardiovascular effects of testosterone therapy. This presentation is an update to Dr. Khera’s “Results from the TRAVERSE Trial” lecture, which was presented to the Grand Rounds in Urology audience in August 2023.

Dr. Khera begins by reviewing the history of the TRAVERSE Trial and its initial results regarding the impact of testosterone therapy on cardiovascular health. He outlines the design of the TRAVERSE Trial, which concluded in January 2024 with a final enrollment count of 5,246 men.

In addition to the original secondary and tertiary endpoints regarding cardiovascular safety and prostate safety, Dr. Khera discusses other secondary endpoints in the trial. These endpoints were sexual function, depression, bone fractures, diabetes, and anemia.

Dr. Khera concludes by delving into the final results of testosterone therapy on all endpoints in the trial. He notes that the results indicate that testosterone therapy does not significantly worsen BPH symptoms and may protect against the development of anemia. However, he notes that testosterone therapy may raise the risk of bone fractures and pulmonary embolisms.

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Testosterone to Improve the Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH, explores how testosterone can help diagnose and treat prostate cancer. He explains that low testosterone is a biomarker for prostate cancer, a predictor of who will progress on active surveillance (AS), and a risk factor for biochemical recurrence after prostatectomy. Further, testosterone therapy can be a treatment for metastatic prostate cancer. 

Dr. Khera argues that while testosterone should not be considered a monotherapy, it can augment treatment. He explains PSA has poor sensitivity and addresses biomarker tests that seek to improve sensitivity and specificity. Dr. Khera asserts the ratio of testosterone to PSA has sensitivity of 82 percent and specificity of 62 percent, with lower costs than biomarker tests. He cites data explaining for men with low testosterone, PSA alone may not be accurate. Dr. Khera cites another study on testosterone as a predictor of upstaging and upgrading in low-risk AS patients. It concludes testosterone should be a selection criterion for inclusion of low-risk prostate cancer patients in AS programs.

Dr. Khera explains lower preoperative testosterone levels increase the risk for prostate cancer recurrence. Dr. Khera turns to treatment options, looking at bipolar androgen therapy (BAT) that includes patients with advanced disease receiving high doses of testosterone which results in a 50 percent reduction in both PSA and metastatic disease. Dr. Khera cites a study on BAT for asymptomatic men with castration-resistant prostate cancer; the BAT was well-tolerated and resulted in high response rates. 

Dr. Khera cites the TRANSFORMER study comparing BAT vs. enzalutamide. Data show no difference in survival; however, patients who switched from BAT to enzalutamide had the highest survival rates. Dr. Khera concludes that testosterone can improve prostate cancer diagnosis and counseling for patients on biochemical recurrence; it comes with significantly less cost and offers greater quality of life.

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Results from the TRAVERSE Trial

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH, provides an update on the results of the landmark TRAVERSE Trial, which examined the potential cardiovascular effects of testosterone therapy in men. After reviewing the complex recent history and controversies surrounding testosterone therapy, Dr. Khera walks through the TRAVERSE Trial, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of over 5,000 hypogonadal men who either had cardiovascular disease (CVD), or were at increased risk for CVD over 5 years.

Dr. Khera highlights the thoroughness of the trial’s design, giving special focus to the primary, secondary, and tertiary endpoints relating to any MACE events for the trial participants. He concludes by presenting the results of the trial; testosterone therapy, for a mean duration of 22 months, did not increase the risk of major cardiovascular events in hypogonadal men over 40 years old with previous CVD or elevated risk for CVD.

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Changing Paradigm in Testosterone Therapy Treatment Options

Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH, Professor of Urology and Director of the Laboratory for Andrology Research at the McNair Medical Institute at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, discusses testosterone therapy, focusing on four key topics: oral testosterone, testosterone and COVID-19, testosterone and prostate cancer, and lifestyle modification. Dr. Khera provides a historical context for oral testosterone treatments, noting that the US has only recently seen expansion of this option. He describes the inTUne study which showed that 7% of patients may increase or start hypertension medication while on a testosterone oral therapy, but that overall patients experience a lower rate of erythrocytosis when compared with those receiving injectable and topical forms of testosterone. Dr. Khera then reviews several studies examining the relationship between COVID-19 and testosterone. Early studies showed men were more severely affected by COVID-19 than women. Paradoxically, low serum testosterone may be protective against acquiring COVID-19, but the same low serum testosterone can also result in a more severe outcome if that same patient acquires COVID-19. Additionally, COVID-19 also directly impacts the testicles in that serum testosterone levels significantly decrease from their pre-COVID-19 levels. Transitioning to prostate cancer, Dr. Khera describes the paradigm shift over the past 15 years, with physicians previously viewing testosterone as dangerous to now seeing it as protective. He illustrates the point with a prostate saturation model that shows the non-linear relationship between testosterone, PSA, and prostate size. Dr. Khera then considers treatment options with high levels of testosterone, such as bipolar androgen therapy, that have shown promising results. He concludes with a review of lifestyle modifications that can also improve testosterone levels, such as weight loss, sleep, and varicocele.

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